It is important to remember that much of the information and many of the images in these sources are subject to bias.
Some of the sources are anti-slavery while others are in favour of it.
Usually only its first verse is sung at public gatherings.
But the third verse, which Carter partially quoted, reads in full: Some academics — including Robin Blackburn, a British historian who has published books on colonial slavery in the Americas — believe Key’s use of the word “slave” refers to the Corps of Colonial Marines, runaway slaves who fought with the British in exchange for freedom.
At the Chews’ Whitehall Plantation in Delaware, the Chew papers have uncovered sixty years of information about enslaved Africans.
The lives, families, and resistance to authority of those enslaved on plantations owned by the Chews can be seen through the papers.
Urban slavery offered the enslaved an environment where they could learn from, socialize, and worship with free Blacks as well as Whites.
The Chew family held enslaved Africans in the city of Philadelphia and in Germantown during the 18th and 19th centuries.
It might be that some sources depict a sanitised, idyllic view of slavery while others reveal horrifying and degrading scenes to make a particular point.
The institution of slavery is woven deep into the economic growth and political fabric of America.
Carter is referring to a verse that isn’t typically heard during public events.
Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” as he watched bombs from the British fleet fall on Fort Mc Henry during the Battle of Baltimore in 1814.