The degree of confidentiality necessary to negotiate with those who control access can sometimes make transparency difficult to achieve.
Moving clandestinely across borders to access affected populations, as NGOs have done over the years in many conflict situations, can also raise questions about the legitimacy and legality of such action.
In 2010, it was estimated that humanitarian spending reached just shy of billion.Some NGOs have become transnational, with very large budgets.
Humanitarian organisations cannot ignore the possible consequences of paying bribes or illegal taxes, especially in armed conflicts.The way in which the international humanitarian system has developed in recent years, including the exponential growth in the number of NGOs and the development of the humanitarian ‘industry’, has also been a contributing factor.Finally, we should not forget that corruption exists in developed countries, as well as developing ones. The number of NGOs has grown exponentially over the last 20 years, as has the scale of resources available.They also need to identify what mechanisms need to be put in place or strengthened to guard against corruption, even in the most difficult contexts.Mitigating against corruption is necessary if NGOs are to achieve both operational efficiency and accountability to their stakeholders.