Medical knowledge also developed during the thirteenth century.
Evolving out of local Korean folk remedies and Chinese practices, Korean medical science was recorded in books such as Emergency Remedies of Folk Medicine and Folk Remedies of Samhwaja.
Still, the country was left in tatters from the war.
Korea suffered more attacks in 16, this time at the hands of the Manchus, who later conquered China.
They are the ethnic descendants of a Tungusic branch of the Ural-Altaic family.South Korea's government is an emergent democracy, and Seoul—Korea's largest city—is its capital.An estimated 67 million people live on the Korean peninsula, with a population of approximately 43.9 million in South Korea and another 23.1 million residing in North Korea.Yet it actually holds a central position on the globe, neighboring three major world powers—the former Soviet Union, China, and Japan.At the end of World War II in 1945, the United States and the Soviet Union divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel into two zones of occupation—a Soviet controlled region in the north and an American controlled one in the south.