So, in other words, we have a pretty solid way to calibrate raw radiocarbon dates for the most recent 12,594 years of our planet's past.As you might imagine, scientists have been attempting to discover other organic objects that can be dated securely steadily since Libby's discovery.Given relatively pristine circumstances, a radiocarbon lab can measure the amount of radiocarbon accurately in a dead organism for as long as 50,000 years ago; after that, there's not enough C14 left to measure. Carbon in the atmosphere fluctuates with the strength of earth's magnetic field and solar activity.You have to know what the atmospheric carbon level (the radiocarbon 'reservoir') was like at the time of an organism's death, in order to be able to calculate how much time has passed since the organism died.Beginning in the 1990s, a coalition of researchers led by Paula J.Reimer of the CHRONO Centre for Climate, the Environment and Chronology, at Queen's University Belfast, began building an extensive dataset and calibration tool that they first called CALIB.
But there are many misconceptions about how radiocarbon works and how reliable a technique it is.
Trees maintain carbon 14 equilibrium in their growth rings—and trees produce a ring for every year they are alive.
Although we don't have any 50,000-year-old trees, we do have overlapping tree ring sets back to 12,594 years.
But archaeology’s aim to understand mankind is a noble endeavor that goes beyond uncovering buried treasures, gathering information, and dating events.
It is in knowing what made past cultures cease to exist that could provide the key in making sure that history does not repeat itself.